Brazil lost native vegetation area equivalent to 10% of the national territory between 1985 and 2019
Accumulated reduction is 87.2 million hectares, shows Collection 5 by MapBiomas. Updated maps and data on land use and land cover will be released this Friday (28).
Friday, August 28, 2020
Updated maps and data from MapBiomas show that Brazil lost 87.2 million hectares of areas of native vegetation, from 1985 to 2019. This is equivalent to 10.25% of the national territory. The pace of loss of native vegetation accelerated in Brazil between 2018 and 2019. This is what is shown in Collection 5 of MapBiomas.
The historical series of maps and annual data on land cover and use in the country, from 1985 to 2019, was presented this Friday (28th), at the 5th Annual MapBiomas Seminar: Revealing Land Use in Brazil with Science and Transparency . The event was broadcast on YouTube and Facebook.
The update of the platform, for public use and free of charge, brings new features and layers of information, such as the evolution of the irrigation area, the evaluation of the quality of pastures and the mapping of natural vegetation in regeneration throughout the national territory.
Data from MapBiomas Collection 5 show that more than half of the loss of native vegetation in Brazil (44 Mha) occurred in the Amazon. In the Cerrado, the reduction was 28.5 Mha. Among the six Brazilian biomes, it was the one that most lost native vegetation in proportional terms: 21.3%
Pampa also had a high rate of decrease in remaining vegetation cover: 20% (2.3 Mha). On the other hand, the area of planted forests in the Rio Grande do Sul biome grew 4.9 times.
In the Pantanal, the loss of native vegetation was 12%, with a 4.7-fold increase in the total area of planted pastures. In the Caatinga, the fall in the area of remaining vegetation was 11%, with an expansion of 26% for agriculture and livestock.
In the Atlantic Forest, 57% of the country's urban areas are found. The area of urban infrastructure in the biome grew 2.5 times from 1985 to 2019; the area of agriculture has doubled.
Of all the loss of natural vegetation in Brazil, including forest, savannah, fields and mangroves, at least 90% was occupied by agricultural use, whose expansion was 78 million hectares (43% growth since 1985)