Central-West region in Brazil decreases alerts, but Amazon and Pantanal biomes grow in deforestation

Of the ten municipalities that deforested the most, nine are in Mato Grosso

The reduction in deforestation in the Cerrado caused the Center-West region to register a 10% drop in the number of alerts between 2019 and 2020. There were 5,617 alerts registered and 239,255 hectares of native vegetation suppressed in the period, according to the Annual Report on Deforestation in Brazil - 2020, produced from data from MapBiomas Alerta. This and other data were presented in a webinar this Friday, July 23, on the MapBiomas YouTube channel. The event was attended by monitoring and inspection bodies.

But there is no reason to celebrate. Ane Alencar, coordinator of the Cerrado team at MapBiomas and director of Science at Ipam (Institute for Environmental Research in the Amazon), explains that the 10% reduction is mainly due to the reduction in deforestation that took place in the Cerrado. “In the portion of the Amazon that covers the Midwestern states and the Pantanal, deforestation has increased. So the numbers don't reveal the real condition of what's happening. This connects with the increase in fire in both biomes, in 2019 and in 2020."

The State of Mato Grosso was the champion in deforested area, despite a reduction of 11.6% compared to 2019. Mato Grosso do Sul was the only one that registered an increase in the deforested area, with 34% more in the comparison - which it represented 178,183 hectares in 2020. It is also the second state in the Center-West that most deforested, followed by Goiás. The Federal District that destroyed the least native vegetation in the last year.

Of the 467 municipalities in the region, 308 had deforestation, according to the report. Among the ten municipalities in the Center-West that registered the greatest loss of native vegetation, nine are in Mato Grosso and one in Mato Grosso do Sul. By state, in Mato Grosso, the champion was Colniza, with 18,362 devastated hectares. Corumbá, with 12,667 hectares deforested, was the champion municipality in Mato Grosso do Sul. In Goiás, Niquelândia was in first place, recording a destroyed area of ​​1,454 hectares. Brasília, in the Federal District, completes the list, with 16 hectares of vegetation removed.

Highlights of the Midwest region in the Annual Report on Deforestation in Brazil - 2020:

- 5,617 alerts detected, validated and refined (a 10% reduction compared to 2019);
- 239,255 hectares of deforestation (9% less compared to 2019);
- In the Midwest, 308 municipalities were registered with deforestation, out of a total of 467;
- Mato Grosso was the champion in deforestation in the Midwest, despite an 11.6% reduction in deforested area compared to 2019. Other states also reduced their deforested areas: GO by 30% and the DF by 83%. In comparison, MS was the only state with an increase in the deforested area, being 34%. The municipalities with the largest deforested area by state were: Colniza/MT (18,362 ha); Corumbá/MS (12,667 ha); Niquelândia/GO (1,454 ha); and Brasília/DF (16 ha).
- Among the ten municipalities with the largest deforested area in the Midwest are: Colniza (MT), with 18,362 hectares destroyed, Aripuanã (MT), with 13,538 hectares devastated; in third is Corumbá (MS), which deforested 12,667 hectares. The fourth position is occupied by União do Sul (7,249 ha), in Mato Grosso, followed by another Mato Grosso municipality, Nova Bandeirantes, with 6,701 hectares. Sixth in the ranking, there is another municipality in MT, Comodoro (6,456 ha). Nova Ubiratã, with 6,383 hectares deforested, Feliz Natal (6,213 ha), Rondolândia (6,158 ha) and Juara, with 5,473 hectares deforested, all in Mato Grosso, complete the list.

Access the full 2020 Annual Deforestation Report on the MapBiomas Alerta website.